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Buffalo is not named for the American bison. Most historians believe it came from a corruption of beau fleuve, which is French for "beautiful river," because of the city's location at the start of the Niagara River. The six groups of the Iroquois League—the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora—created a thriving community in the area in the late 15th century. French explorer Daniel Joncaire arrived in 1758 and worked with the Iroquois to establish a fur trade. During the Revolutionary War, however, the Native American peoples in the region, who had sided with the British, were all but destroyed by American forces. Click here to see the full Buffalo travel guide on Travel42 »
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