Where can Americans travel in Europe? A country-by-country guide

A guide to European countries that are open to American travelers.
A guide to European countries that are open to American travelers. Photo Credit: Janis Abolins/Shutterstock.com

We have compiled information on countries that are now open to U.S. visitors. For more details and additional countries, please click on the map below to access global Covid-entry information provided by Sherpa.

Where can Americans travel in Europe? A country-by-country guide

As the regulations and details are shifting, it bears repeating that advisors should stay abreast of the rules by visiting the CDC website, Reopen Europe and individual U.S. embassy and tourist office websites.  

Updated Feb. 13.

Travel to Albania

A daily curfew is in place from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. until further notice. This includes bars, restaurants, fast food and other similar activities, except for delivery services. Disregarding the restriction may result in a fine up to 700,000 lek (about $7,000). Effective Sept. 6, all passengers ages 6 and up who transit or apply to enter the Republic of Albania must meet one of the following requirements:

• Submit a vaccine passport where the date of the full vaccination is no later than two weeks from the date of entry into Albania.
• Have a negative PCR test within 72 hours or a rapid antigen test within 48 hours.
• Provide documentation from a licensed healthcare provider of having recovered from Covid-19 in the six months preceding travel.

Updated Sept. 3.

Travel to Austria

In Austria to be fully vaccinated means vaccinated with a booster shot, which is required to avoid testing or quarantine requirements. Vaccination with no booster means travelers must present proof of full vaccination and a negative PCR or NAAT test, as well as complete a pre-travel registration. Unvaccinated travelers must complete a pre-travel registration and present a negative PCR/NAAT test. Unvaccinated travelers are still prohibited from entering hospitality, cultural venues, ski resorts, etc. All businesses, including restaurants and bars, must close by 10 p.m. Updated Jan. 18.

Travel to Belgium

U.S. residents may travel to Belgium without an essential travel certificate if they can present a valid vaccination certificate. If they do not have a valid vaccination certificate, they will not be permitted to enter Belgium for non-essential travel. 

All passengers, regardless of means of transportation, must complete the passenger locator form no earlier than 48 hours before arriving in Belgium. A Covid-19 test is mandatory upon arrival from the U.S. and the traveler should remain in quarantine until the negative result comes in.

Updated Sept. 3.

Travel to Croatia

U.S. travelers are permitted into Croatia, provided they meet specific requirements. These include:

• A negative PCR test not older than 72 hours, or a rapid test not older than 48 hours
• A certificate of vaccination
• Perform PCR testing or rapid antigen testing immediately upon arrival with the obligation to self-isolate until receiving a negative test. If testing cannot be performed, the person must isolate for a period of 10 days
• Proof of booked or paid accommodation or ownership of a home or a vessel when entering Croatia.
• Completion of the Enter Croatia web form. Updated Jan. 18.

Travel to Cyprus

All Cyprus passengers, regardless of country of departure or vaccination status, must present a negative PCR test result taken within the past 48 hours. In addition, upon arrival, they will be required to undergo a rapid antigen test at their own cost and self-isolate, either at home or their hotel, until the results are out. Those who test positive are subject to quarantine at a government-designated hotel for 14 days and must complete a negative PCR test prior to release. Updated Jan. 18. 

Travel to the Czech Republic

Only fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. are allowed to travel to the Czech Republic. All travelers will have to present a negative PCR test taken 72 hours or less prior to travel. The requirement applies to vaccinated travelers and those who have recovered from Covid within the last six months. Updated Jan. 20. 

Travel to Denmark

There are no longer Covid-19 restrictions in Denmark for fully vaccinated visitors. Private businesses and cultural institutions may continue to have requirements for face coverings and proof of vaccination. Testing and quarantine requirements may still apply to those who are not fully vaccinated. Updated Feb. 13.

Travel to Finland

Those arriving in Finland are required to present a certificate of having received full vaccine course at least seven days prior to entry or a certificate of recovery from Covid-19 less than six months prior to entry, and a negative Covid-19 test certificate issued less than 48 hours prior to entry. Persons arriving from outside the EU and the Schengen area who have received a complete series of vaccinations are required to present a negative Covid-19 test result of less than 48 hours as a condition of entry. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to France

France welcomes fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. Travelers need proof of vaccination, a negative PCR test, and a sworn statement that they do not have symptoms of Covid, nor contact with someone with a confirmed case of Covid. A booster dose is not required to be considered fully vaccinated. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to Germany

Germany has announced a nationwide lockdown for unvaccinated people. Unvaccinated people are banned from entering all but essential businesses. Bars and nightclubs are shut down in areas with an incidence rate above 350 Covid-19 cases per 100,000 people over one week. 

In Germany, the U.S. is considered a high-risk country for Covid-19. People older than age 12 must be fully vaccinated. If not, they must have an essential reason for visiting. Travelers who are fully vaccinated must fill out a digital registration upon entry and carry the confirmation with them. The confirmation will be checked by the airline and possibly the Federal Police. Travelers older than 12 years of age must carry with them a proof of full vaccination. This proof must be uploaded via the travel portal.

Updated Dec. 9.

Travel to Greece

Travelers to Greece are required to present a negative Covid-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a laboratory rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of arrival to Greece. All travelers who are eligible to enter Greece must complete the online passenger locator form before entering Greece. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to Hungary 

Since Aug. 7, passengers from several countries have been required only to present a negative PCR test result when flying to the country. The PCR test must not be older than 72 hours.

Visitors traveling through Hungary by rail, road or water may enter Hungary as long as they agree to a medical examination upon entry. Passengers must show proof of the purpose of travel and the country of destination.

Restrictions in Hungary are not applicable to people who provide proof that they recovered from Covid-19 within six months prior to border crossing, fully vaccinated travelers, and people who are able to present an English or Hungarian language document containing the results of a PCR test within 72 hours. 

Updated Sept. 10. This updates previous guidance.

Travel to Iceland

Iceland was one of the first European countries to open its doors to Americans. Travelers who have been vaccinated or who can show proof of prior infection have been able to enter the country without testing or quarantining since April.

There are no curfews, but masks are required on public transportation, with fines enacted for noncompliance.

Travel to Ireland

Vaccinated travelers with a valid digital Covid certificate or another valid proof of recent infection or vaccination will not need a test. Unvaccinated travelers will need a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of their arrival into Ireland. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to Italy

Travelers from the United States may enter Italy if they present a negative molecular PCR test result taken within 72 hours of arrival or a rapid antigen result taken within 24 hours of arrival and one of the following: an anti-Covid vaccination certificate or a medical certificate confirming recovery of Covid dated no more than six months before departure. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to Malta

CDC vaccination cards must be verified through the VeriFLY app to be accepted as a valid vaccination certificate.  The VeriFLY app is available on both Google Play and the Apple App Store. If upon arrival in Malta, any passenger is not in possession of a valid vaccination certificate, the passenger will be subject to a mandatory nasopharyngeal RT-PCR test and mandatory quarantine of 14 days in a hotel of the government's choosing. Updated Jan. 20.

Travel to the Netherlands

Travelers from outside the EU/Schengen area may enter the Netherlands only if they have proof of vaccination or recovery from Covid and have proof of a negative Covid test. Travelers must present a negative Covid-19 PCR test no older than 48 hours or a negative antigen test performed within 24 hours prior to departure. 

In addition, travelers coming from areas deemed "very high risk" by the Dutch government must self-quarantine for 10 days upon arrival (unless negative test result is received on day 5) even if they have proof of vaccination or recovery and a negative Covid test. The United States is considered to be a "very high risk" country. As a result, in addition to the other requirements, travelers from the United States will have to present a completed quarantine declaration upon arrival and then self-quarantine. (As of Feb. 2, those who can show they received a booster vaccination at least 7 days before traveling are exempt from the quarantine requirement but still must complete a quarantine declaration.) Updated Feb. 13

Travel to Portugal

To enter Portugal, travelers must show an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate, a negative PCR test within 72 hours of boarding aircraft or a negative rapid antigen test result within 48 hours of boarding. Visitors must also fill out a SEF Registration Form before entry. 

Hotels, guesthouses, and private rentals require a mandatory submission of an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or the negative results of a PCR test (72 hours prior to check in) or antigen test (48 hours prior to check in). Guests can also submit to a rapid test immediately on arrival to the hotel or guesthouse.

Travelers who test positive for Covid-19 in Portugal may be required to quarantine for up to 10 days at the traveler's expense.

Updated Sept. 8.

Travel to Slovenia

Americans traveling from the U.S. for tourism are permitted to enter Slovenia if fully vaccinated or with proof of having recovered from Covid-19.

Those with prior Covid infection can present a certificate of a positive result of a PCR test older than 10 days but not older than six months.  

Children under 15 accompanying their parents can enter Slovenia without needing to quarantine and do not require proof of a Covid test. A pre-arrival form is available to smooth the entry process.

Travel to Spain

As of Sept. 6, U.S. citizens can travel to Spain for tourism if they show proof of vaccination. Travelers must also present a QR code generated through the Spain Travel Health portal. A negative Covid-19 test is not required for entry.

Updated Sept. 8

Travel to Sweden

As of Sept. 6, Sweden has banned most U.S. travelers from visiting through Oct. 31. U.S. travelers will not be able to travel to Sweden via U.S. nonstop flights. Entry to Sweden from other Nordic countries is possible for U.S. citizens. Visit the Swedish Border police website for details.

Updated Sept. 7.

Travel to Switzerland

U.S. citizens are permitted to enter Switzerland only if fully vaccinated and with proof of vaccination. Travelers must complete the online form of the Federal Office of Public Health. For specific and updated information on entry requirements, check here.  Updated Oct. 26.

Travel to the United Kingdom

International arrivals to the U.K. no longer need to complete a pre-departure test before traveling. After arrival, they can take a rapid test instead of the longer PCR test, and there is no requirement to self-isolate until results are confirmed. Passengers must complete their passenger locator form and book a rapid test to take within two days of arrival. Updated Jan. 20.

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