Where can Americans travel in Europe? A country-by-country guide

T0621EUROPEMAP_SS_HR [Credit: Janis Abolins/Shutterstock.com]
A guide to European countries that are open to American travelers. Photo Credit: Janis Abolins/Shutterstock.com

While the news of Europe's reopening to American travelers is causing excitement among travel advisors and their clients, each country is able to set slightly different entry requirements, causing complications for would-be travelers.

To add to the complications, the EU signaled a move to reinstate travel restrictions barring nonessential travel from the U.S. and imposing quarantine and testing on U.S. travelers arriving into the region, according to a Reuters report on Aug. 27. However, the restrictions recommended by the European Council will not be mandatory among EU-member states.

A Covid test is still required of any traveler entering, or re-entering, the U.S.

We have compiled information on countries that are now open to U.S. visitors. For more details and additional countries, please click on the map below to access global Covid-entry information provided by Sherpa.

SHERPAREFER_C_HR [Credit: Sherpa]

As the regulations and details are shifting, it bears repeating that advisors should stay abreast of the rules by visiting the CDC website, Reopen Europe and individual U.S. embassy and tourist office websites.  

Updated Oct. 26.

Travel to Albania

A daily curfew is in place from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. until further notice. This includes bars, restaurants, fast food and other similar activities, except for delivery services. Disregarding the restriction may result in a fine up to 700,000 lek (about $7,000). Effective Sept. 6, all passengers ages 6 and up who transit or apply to enter the Republic of Albania must meet one of the following requirements:

• Submit a vaccine passport where the date of the full vaccination is no later than two weeks from the date of entry into Albania.
• Have a negative PCR test within 72 hours or a rapid antigen test within 48 hours.
• Provide documentation from a licensed healthcare provider of having recovered from Covid-19 in the six months preceding travel.

Updated Sept. 3.

Travel to Austria

Effective Sept. 15, the U.S. has been removed from Austria's list of countries with low epidemiological risk. This means only fully vaccinated travelers will be allowed to enter Austria without quarantine. Vaccines are valid for one year after the traveler has been fully vaccinated.

Unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated travelers will still be able to enter Austria but must show a negative Covid-19 test upon arrival and also undergo a 10-day quarantine. Passengers in transit are not subject to entry restrictions or quarantine. Persons traveling to Austria for specific, approved purposes (business travel, emergency family reasons, diplomats, etc.) are exempt from mandatory quarantine, regardless of vaccination status.

U.S. travelers must fill out a pre-travel clearance form.

Updated Sept. 13.

Travel to Belgium

U.S. residents may travel to Belgium without an essential travel certificate if they can present a valid vaccination certificate. If they do not have a valid vaccination certificate, they will not be permitted to enter Belgium for non-essential travel. 

All passengers, regardless of means of transportation, must complete the passenger locator form no earlier than 48 hours before arriving in Belgium. A Covid-19 test is mandatory upon arrival from the U.S. and the traveler should remain in quarantine until the negative result comes in.

Updated Sept. 3.

Travel to Croatia

Croatia was one of the first European countries to throw open its doors to vaccinated Americans. Visitors need proof of vaccination; a negative PCR test no older than 72 hours or an antigen test no older than 48 hours; or of proof of recovery from a Covid infection.

Also, tourists are required to book and pay in full for accommodations in advance of arrival and have documents to prove it, according to Wanda Radetti, the founder and president of Tasteful Croatian Journeys, adding that Tasteful Croatian Journeys will prepare the necessary documents for its guests.

Masks are required indoors and on public transportation, and nightclubs are closed.

Travel to Cyprus

Cyprus has deemed the U.S. a "Red country," based on epidemiological data. Vaccinated tourists with a valid vaccination certificate will be able to travel to Cyprus without quarantine. However, travelers who are unvaccinated will have to include proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding a flight, as well as test at the airport upon arrival. Those testing positive upon arrival must quarantine for 14 days. U.S. travelers can upload proof of vaccinations to the Cyprus Flight Pass within 48 hours before the start travel, which they will need to board their flight.

Updated Oct. 19  

Travel to the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic opened to U.S. residents June 21. U.S. residents traveling to the Czech Republic need a negative PCR test 72 hours or fewer or a negative antigen test 48 hours or fewer before the start of their first flight. They also need to fill in and and present a passenger locator form

In order to check into a hotel, go to a restaurant or shop or sightsee indoors, all visitors need to present a negative test result, proof of vaccination or medical proof of recovery from Covid-19 in the last 180 days. Travelers should also pack KN95 or FFP2 masks (called "respirators"), which may be required for some activities. More information. Updated July 19.

Travel to Denmark

Fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. may travel to Denmark for any reason, including for tourism. They are exempt from Covid testing requirements. Unvaccinated travelers from the U.S. may only travel to Denmark if they qualify as having a "worthy purpose" for entry and present required documentation. Worthy purposes may include having a job in Denmark, being a student or au pair, or attending a properly documented business meeting. Unvaccinated travelers must have a negative Covid test to be admitted to Denmark.

Updated Sept. 7.

Travel to Finland

Leisure travelers must present proof of an approved vaccination, provided the last vaccine dose was received at least 14 days before entry. Unvaccinated U.S. citizens will be not permitted entry into Finland for tourism purposes. Vaccinated travelers are not subject to additional health-screening procedures upon arrival. For the latest information on entry requirements, see the country's Covid-specific site.

Updated Sept. 5.

Travel to France

France has designated the U.S. an Orange country for Covid-19 risk. Fully vaccinated travelers need only proof of vaccination. No Covid test or quarantine is necessary. Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers must provide a "compelling reason" for travel. (Compelling reasons can be found here.) In addition, they must provide a negative PCR test performed in the 72 hours before departure or an antigen test performed in the 48 hours before departure. All unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers will be tested again upon arrival and must isolate for seven days, 10 days if they test positive. 

A French health pass is required to enter cultural sites, museums, theaters, restaurants, bars and nightclubs. The pass shows that holder is fully vaccinated, has had a recent negative Covid test or proof of a recent Covid-19 recovery. 

Updated Oct. 19.

Travel to Germany

In Germany, the U.S. is considered a high-risk country for Covid-19. People older than age 12 must be fully vaccinated. If not, they must have an essential reason for visiting. Travelers who are fully vaccinated must fill out a digital registration upon entry and carry the confirmation with them. The confirmation will be checked by the airline and possibly the Federal Police. Travelers older than 12 years of age must carry with them a proof of full vaccination. This proof must be uploaded via the travel portal.

Updated Sept. 6.

Travel to Greece

Greece is welcoming vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers. All travelers entering Greece must fill out a passenger locator form before travel and present the QR code in order to board Greece-bound flights.

Fully vaccinated individuals may enter Greece without a PCR test if they present a vaccination certificate. Unvaccinated travelers age 12 and over are required to present a negative PCR test performed up to 72 hours before entry to Greece or a negative rapid antigen test result performed up to 48 hours before entry.

Masks are no longer required in uncrowded outdoor areas but still required in all indoor areas. 

Updated Sept. 6.

Travel to Hungary 

Since Aug. 7, passengers from several countries have been required only to present a negative PCR test result when flying to the country. The PCR test must not be older than 72 hours.

Visitors traveling through Hungary by rail, road or water may enter Hungary as long as they agree to a medical examination upon entry. Passengers must show proof of the purpose of travel and the country of destination.

Restrictions in Hungary are not applicable to people who provide proof that they recovered from Covid-19 within six months prior to border crossing, fully vaccinated travelers, and people who are able to present an English or Hungarian language document containing the results of a PCR test within 72 hours. 

Updated Sept. 10. This updates previous guidance.

Travel to Iceland

Iceland was one of the first European countries to open its doors to Americans. Travelers who have been vaccinated or who can show proof of prior infection have been able to enter the country without testing or quarantining since April.

There are no curfews, but masks are required on public transportation, with fines enacted for noncompliance.

Travel to Ireland

Ireland is open for travel from the U.S. as of July 19, regardless of vaccination status. Those who can provide proof of vaccination can skip the testing and quarantine rules. Unvaccinated travelers will be required to present a negative Covid-19 test taken within 72 hours, quarantine for 14 days upon arrival and undergo post-arrival testing.

Before arriving in Ireland, U.S. visitors will need to complete a passenger locator form. Children between the ages of 12 and 17 must have a negative RT-PCR test to travel into Ireland, even with fully vaccinated or recovered adults. Children under 12 do not need to take a RT-PCR test prior to traveling to Ireland. There are no curfews in place, but masks are required on public transportation, indoors and outside where social distancing is not possible.

These rules are changing rapidly, but you may need to provide proof of vaccination and/or a negative test or certificate of recovery from Covid-19 to dine at restaurants or enter venues.

For any further changes please check the Irish government website for the latest information. Updated Aug. 8.

Travel to Italy

Americans are free to visit Italy for tourism, but the rules may vary by region and are in flux. A self-declaration form is required on entry.

All travelers coming from the U.S. are required to present proof of a negative PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of arrival, regardless of vaccination status. Children under age 6 are exempt from this testing rule.

American travelers are also required to show either a certificate of vaccination (with the final vaccine dose having been received 14 days prior to travel) or a medical certificate confirming recovery from Covid, dated no more than six months before departure. Vaccines must be recognized by the European Medicines Agency, with Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca vaccinations among those currently being accepted.

Travelers unable to provide proof of vaccination or a medical certificate are required to quarantine upon arrival for five days. At the end of that five-day period, they must also take a PCR or rapid antigen test. 

Updated Sept. 1.

Travel to Malta

Travelers from the U.S. are allowed to enter with proof of vaccination, and now the Malta Tourism Authority is allowing travelers to use VeriFLY to verify their COVID-19 vaccination status and other documentation required for entry.

The VeriFLY app, available on Google Play and the Apple App Store, verifies that the passenger's information matches the requirements set by Malta and displays a simple pass or fail message. Following that, the passenger will be guided to fill in the passenger locator form for entry into Malta.

Unvaccinated visitors will be subject to a mandatory PCR test and mandatory quarantine of 14 days in a hotel the government chooses. Travelers will be charged a fee for the hotel stay.

Because of the fluid nature of these requirements, travelers and advisors are encouraged to check regularly for updates.

Updated Sept. 6.

Travel to the Netherlands

As of Oct. 22, the Netherlands considers the U.S. to be a high-risk area. This means all travelers from the United States may enter the Netherlands with either a vaccination or negative test certificate. Travelers ages 12 and older traveling with a test certificate must be able to present a negative Covid-19 PCR test no older than 48 hours or a negative antigen test performed within 24 hours prior to departure.

Updated Oct. 26

Travel to Portugal

To enter Portugal, travelers must show an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate, a negative PCR test within 72 hours of boarding aircraft or a negative rapid antigen test result within 48 hours of boarding. Visitors must also fill out a SEF Registration Form before entry. 

Hotels, guesthouses, and private rentals require a mandatory submission of an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or the negative results of a PCR test (72 hours prior to check in) or antigen test (48 hours prior to check in). Guests can also submit to a rapid test immediately on arrival to the hotel or guesthouse.

Travelers who test positive for Covid-19 in Portugal may be required to quarantine for up to 10 days at the traveler's expense.

Updated Sept. 8.

Travel to Slovenia

Americans traveling from the U.S. for tourism are permitted to enter Slovenia if fully vaccinated or with proof of having recovered from Covid-19.

Those with prior Covid infection can present a certificate of a positive result of a PCR test older than 10 days but not older than six months.  

Children under 15 accompanying their parents can enter Slovenia without needing to quarantine and do not require proof of a Covid test. A pre-arrival form is available to smooth the entry process.

Travel to Spain

As of Sept. 6, U.S. citizens can travel to Spain for tourism if they show proof of vaccination. Travelers must also present a QR code generated through the Spain Travel Health portal. A negative Covid-19 test is not required for entry.

Updated Sept. 8

Travel to Sweden

As of Sept. 6, Sweden has banned most U.S. travelers from visiting through Oct. 31. U.S. travelers will not be able to travel to Sweden via U.S. nonstop flights. Entry to Sweden from other Nordic countries is possible for U.S. citizens. Visit the Swedish Border police website for details.

Updated Sept. 7.

Travel to Switzerland

U.S. citizens are permitted to enter Switzerland only if fully vaccinated and with proof of vaccination.  

Travelers must complete the online form of the Federal Office of Public Health.

For specific and updated information on entry requirements, check here

Updated Oct. 26.

Travel to the United Kingdom

As of Aug. 2, vaccinated Americans can travel to England and Scotland without quarantining. Visitors will need to take a predeparture test and a PCR test on or before day two of arrival, however, and individuals who test positive will be required to quarantine.

Vaccinated travelers from the U.S. need to show proof of vaccination through their physical vaccine card, as well as proof of U.S. residency. Unvaccinated visitors are required to quarantine for 10 days, as well as take a predeparture test and tests on or before day two, and on or after day eight of arriving.

All visitors must complete the passenger locator form, which can be filled out online within 48 hours of arrival.

Travelers can find test providers in England and Scotland by visiting the test provider website. Find more information on the traffic light system and its latest guidelines.

On the ground, Covid-related restrictions within each country of the U.K. have eased recently and remain under review; these are slightly different across the four countries as each is following its own plan for recovery. Updated July 28.

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