Overview

Most visitors flock to Vail during one season (winter) for one thing (snow sports), and with good reason. The largest single-mountain ski resort in North America—with annual snowfall of up to 30 ft/9 m of light, dry powder—boasts a whopping 5,300 acres/2,145 hectares of terrain with 34 high-speed lifts and 275 days of sunshine each year. It's no wonder Vail is a mecca for downhill skiers and snowboarders.

But there is more than snow sports in the Bavarian-style alpine village, where horse-drawn carriages meander down pedestrian-friendly streets, and the shopping and dining are world-class.

Summer, packed with sports and festivals, is a wonderful time to visit. Vail's perch at 8,150 ft/2,527 m above sea level in the Rocky Mountains makes it a retreat from the heat of lower elevations. Warmer weather (generally June-September) also allows more recreational options—golfing, rafting, hiking, biking, horseback riding—and as many concerts and cultural choices as there are during the winter.

Unlike many other Colorado ski resorts, Vail does not have much mining-town mystique. The town, which is 100 mi/160 km west of Denver, grew out of an empty sheep pasture in the early 1960s and was later bisected by a four-lane interstate. Much of the town's architecture reflects the sometimes-regrettable ski-area style of the 1970s and '80s.

Interstate 70 still cleaves right through the valley, a loud, dirty eyesore that Vail officials have talked about burying or building a dome over. Until that day, though, it's easy to forget the highway is there, especially when you are overtaken by the Tyrolean charm of Vail Village that helps compensate for the town's lack of history. And though Vail doesn't attract Hollywood stars the way Aspen does, some see that as a plus.

Geography

Vail sits in Eagle County, 81% of which is protected forestland. The view from the top of Vail Mountain (11,570 ft/3,586 m, accessible by lifts) is spectacular. To the south, you can see Mount of the Holy Cross, a 14,500-ft/4,495-m peak named for the cross of snow formed in the mountain's deep crevices each winter. Look down and you'll see Vail Mountain's magnificent skiing bowls. Legend says the bowls were created when the original inhabitants of Eagle River Valley, the Ute tribe, set fire to the mountain to protest being forced out by white settlers. (It's more likely the back bowls were the result of lightning-strike fires.)

Street-level Vail affords dramatic views of the Gore Range, a series of jagged peaks soaring to more than 13,000 ft/4,030 m in the northeast. Flowing from the range is Gore Creek, which meanders through Vail and is easily explored, thanks to a walking path along its banks.

The town of Vail has three areas. For visitors, Golden Peak is the least significant, though its dining and shopping opportunities are expanding. Lionshead, a dated, unattractive area, has gained popularity with the construction of Arrabelle at Vail Square on the site of the old gondola building. Vail Village, the still-quaint original town center, offers gracious lodging, trendy boutiques and fine restaurants along Bridge Street and Gore Creek. The village also is the town's main entry point. There is a large parking structure and mountain access provided by Vista Bahn Chairlift.

There's not a single stoplight in Vail, but roundabouts guide drivers (and cyclists and runners) into town at the entry points. Outlying neighborhoods (consisting mostly of condominiums) include East Vail (connected to the village by Vail Golf Course), West Vail, Red Sandstone, Matterhorn and Intermountain.

History

Vail's history starts, naturally, with skiing. Resort founder Peter Seibert was a member of the U.S. Army's 10th Mountain Division, the elite ski troopers who trained at nearby Camp Hale and fought in the mountains of Italy against Germans in World War II. Seibert was seriously wounded during the war, but recovered, returned to his passion of skiing and began thinking about opening a resort. In the late 1950s, on a tip from a local uranium prospector, Seibert climbed what would become the front side of Vail Mountain. With a team of investors, Seibert and the prospector, Earl Eaton, opened Vail for skiing in 1962—just one year after the land was cleared and permits were purchased.

Quickly, a village complete with restaurants, hotels and stores began to spring up around the resort. The town of Vail was incorporated in 1966. A few years later, Vail would become known as U.S. President Gerald Ford's Western White House, and he maintained a home in Vail Valley until his death in December 2006. Today, Vail is the largest ski resort in the U.S.

Seibert left the resort he founded after a gondola crash killed four people in 1976, but the area continued to grow. In the 1980s, owner George Gillett expanded the resort's legendary back bowls (wide-open, nearly treeless basins on the backside of Vail Mountain that are ideal for deep-powder skiing) and landed the 1989 World Alpine Ski Championships. The races cemented Vail as a top destination, particularly among European ski-racing fans.

During the 1990s, Vail Resort became a publicly traded mega-company, acquiring nearby ski areas (Breckenridge, Keystone and sister resort Beaver Creek) and diversifying into lodging, restaurants and golf courses. The town began to spread down the valley along the Eagle River. The ski area grew, too, adding bowl skiing deeper in the backcountry—a move that drew the ire of environmentalists who burned several buildings and damaged chairlifts to protest the expansion into wildlife habitat.

With the new millennium, Vail Resorts and local businesses embarked on a billion-dollar revitalization project. Remodeling of many lodging rooms has been completed, new rooms have been added, and streetscape improvements include perks such as heated sidewalks, fire pits, an enlarged Lionshead skier bridge and new parking structures. Redevelopment of this magnitude is unprecedented among western ski-resort towns.

Sightseeing

Vail is an outdoorsy, recreation-oriented town and is not noted for its indoor tourist attractions. The Colorado Ski Museum and Ski Hall of Fame is one exception.

Nightlife

Vail has a multitude of hot nightspots for people who didn't drain themselves on the mountain earlier in the day, from lounges with quietly strumming guitars to dance clubs raging with techno beats.

During the crisp, cool nights of summer, take advantage of outdoor decks. Some of the liveliest are at Pepi's and the Red Lion.

By state law, all bars in Colorado close by 2 am, and most in Vail are open that late, though not necessarily seven nights a week. Bars are open through winter and summer seasons, and shuttle service often runs later on party nights. Check the bus schedule before you go out, just to make sure; otherwise, it's an expensive late-night taxi.

Remember to always temper alcohol consumption with plenty of water, especially at this altitude.

Dining

The European restaurateurs who first succeeded in Vail continue to infuse the town's dining scene with a Continental flavor. Those early restaurants have become mainstays, but there's plenty to satisfy other palates—from nouveau cuisine to western-style steaks. The newest trend has chefs paying a lot of attention to locally grown, organic ingredients, notably Kelly Liken and the chefs at Terra Bistro and 8100.

Vail has more than its share of posh restaurants (boasting awards for their wines and featuring chefs who've cooked at the James Beard House), but it remains true to its resort roots with lively bistros and personality-filled dining spots.

Most restaurants are in the Vail Village area, although Beaver Creek offers a few civilized options, and all restaurants are now smoke-free. Off-season closings vary (often by the week), but restaurants that remain open offer a variety of specials and often take the opportunity to try out new menu items.

Dining times are generally 6-10 am for breakfast, 11 am-2 pm for lunch and 5-10 pm for dinner. If you are going to Vail during spring, summer or fall, always check a restaurant's seasonal hours and reservation policies.

Expect to pay within these general guidelines, based on the cost of a dinner for one without drinks, tax or tip: $ = less than US$15; $$ = US$15-$35; $$$ = US$36-$60; $$$$ = more than US$60.

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