Cruise lines and Wall Street analysts report that cruise pricing, for the most part, has not gotten to the low levels seen after the fallout of the 9/11 attacks and the 2008 recession.
To be sure, there are deals out there, and some executives have said that Covid-era prices have fallen across the board -- but not to the rock-bottom levels seen in prior crises. Execs, analysts and industry watchers have said this is primarily because demand is expected to exceed capacity, at least at first, because lines are likely to relaunch only a few ships at a time at reduced capacity.
"We note that since cruise lines are taking so much capacity out of service and not pricing to fill what is in service, they could potentially eliminate some of the lowest-margin demand that they might normally turn to when filling a ship," UBS Analyst Robin Farley said in a recent note.
In discussing the strong pricing for 2021, Brad Tolkin, co-CEO of World Travel Holdings, agreed that reduced capacity was a big factor. "There will be a lot less of ships to top off within the last 90 days," he said. But he also said that future cruise credits (FCC) the cruise lines have been using for canceled 2020 sailings play a role.
"The cruise lines know they have these supersized FCCs out there; most are at least 25% more than value of the cruise," Tolkin said. "They have to keep pricing up to absorb that somehow."
On top of that, he said that people who have the FCCs are upgrading.
"The people that took these FCCs said, 'I love cruising, and I'm getting on a cruise; I'm taking the FCC,'" he said. "If they spent $3,000 on a cruise before, now they have $3,500, $3,600 to spend. They're spending it and buying up."
Vicki Freed, Royal Caribbean said that another reason why lines are holding the line on pricing is because they know that they will have lower occupancy and they don't want to compromise quality.
"We know that initially we're not sailing at 100% occupancy and we'll have to have lower load factors I think all the cruise lines are planning that," Freed said. "And we're going to need to have more staff onboard and still offer the quality people expect from Royal Caribbean. If suddenly we downgrade the product onboard people will say, 'they're not the same brand I thought they were ' So you do keep your price integrity up in order to fund what we need to fund."
Freed also anticipated that people will pay more for experiences that include Royal Caribbean's Perfect Day at CocoCay private island.
"It's a safe, enclosed environment; it's a private island, it's got all the fun and thrill and chill that people want now," she said. "I think itineraries with Perfect Day at CocoCay or our private island of Labadee will demand a better price."
UBS's Farley also said that, according to an executive from a privately-owned cruise line, he expects "only single-digit price declines" by keeping only the lowest priced cabins empty.
"He believes that cruise lines will keep ships in various stages of warm and hot and cold layup so that they will be able to add ships into service without delay if there is demand," Farley said. "A month of notice is more than enough time to staff a ship and start operations. Airlift is not that much of an issue since the cruise lines can charter flights from the Philippines and Indonesia, for example, when they are ready to bring crew back to a ship."