Bookings through airline apps are on the rise, but while
carriers are working to improve their functionality, opinions about the overall
quality of the apps remain divided.
A December Travelport Digital survey of 1,100 travelers
found that 61% said they either "nearly always" or "sometimes"
use a smartphone app to book flights. Meanwhile, Delta president Glen
Hauenstein said in April that mobile bookings account for between 20% and 25%
of the airline's total direct bookings. That number, he added, is steadily
Delta is among the U.S. airlines whose app has a strong
rating from iPhone users, with a score of 4.8 out of a possible five. However,
it isn't alone. Among the 10 primary mainline U.S. airlines, the apps of six of
them (Delta, United, JetBlue, Alaska, Southwest and Frontier) have earned
ratings of 4.7 or better from users on Apple's iOS platform.
Still, the ratings are inconsistent, with the apps of the
other four carries (American, Hawaiian, Allegiant and Spirit) having earned
ratings of 3.2 or lower. Further, J.D. Power's inaugural U.S. Travel
App Satisfaction Study found that customer scores for airline apps lagged
scores for hotel and car rental apps, in part because they typically load more
slowly during the day of service.
J.D. Power also found that apps throughout the travel sector
earned lower satisfaction numbers than credit card and retail banking apps.
Reviews aside, there's no arguing that U.S. airlines have
been diligently investing in and working on their app functionality.
Perhaps most notably, United unveiled what it called a "reimagined
app" in January. Among the improvements was more seamless access to
check-in. Once check-in is completed, flyers have an opportunity to have their
boarding pass populate on the app's home screen without selecting a boarding
Later during travel, the app is automatically updated to
display onboard entertainment options, directions to connecting gates and
information about what carousel the flyer should go to collect baggage. Last
week, United won a Webby Award in the "business and finance" category
for its revamped app.
Hawaiian Airlines is another U.S. carrier that unveiled
major app changes this year. Its new app, released in March, offers improved
graphics, chat and real-time flight notifications. However, some reviewers on
Apple's app store have panned it for routing the booking function back through
the Hawaiian website.
International airlines are also pouring resources into their
apps and sometimes coming up with especially creative innovations. In
September, for example, Dutch carrier KLM launched an augmented reality
function on its app that enables customers to check if their carry-on bags meet
the airline's size requirements.
Similarly, just last week, Spanish carrier Iberia unveiled
an app feature that will tell customers whether bags can be carried on or must
be checked, after customers scan the bags with their phones.
Henry Harteveldt, founder of Atmosphere Research Group, said
airlines tend to focus their apps on several core functions: the planning and
booking of flights, check-in, assistance in the case of a flight cancellation
or other travel disruptions and loyalty program account management.
"I would say that they are doing well with what they
have," Harteveldt said. "They could do other things, such as
improving how they merchandise and retail optional products. ... Our research
shows that 50% to 90% of the selling opportunity for optionals comes after the
reservation is made."
Harteveldt gave kudos to Delta, United and American for the
bag-tracking capabilities they've built into their apps. And he credited Delta
in particular for the functionality of its app when it comes to rebookings
during irregular operations.
"This is a really important part of what the mobile app
needs to be about," he said. "Helping that traveler in a moment of
crisis can earn loyalty."
Howard Blankenship, vice president of Americas for CellPoint
Mobile, a mobile payment service provider that focuses on the airline industry,
said carriers have also stepped up the payment options they offer via apps. But
he noted that airline app teams compete for funding with carriers' other IT
needs as well as with all manner of other needs.
"They are investing greatly into these mobile apps, but
you can only do so much with competing agendas across the airlines,"