HOLLYWOOD, Fla. — Whenever Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. starts
a new project, CEO Richard Fain said the company likes to start with history.
Celebrity Cruises is currently working on Project Edge,
which will bring a new class of ships in the fall of 2018, and the line has
been considering milestones in cruise ship design leading up to that project —
the key innovations in cruising that have changed the way ships are built.
Fain shared some of those milestones with travel agents at
Vacation.com’s annual conference at the Diplomat Resort and Spa this week.
“The pace of change has been growing very quickly,” Fain
He started his
history of milestones in 1962 with the S.S. France, which he called “a
“It was designed for transportation,” Fain said, and
everything about the Compagnie Generale Transatlantique ship (like its long,
sleek design) was aimed at transportation.
Fain jumped next to 1970 and the “transformational change”
that Royal Caribbean International’s Song of Norway brought to the industry.
“This was a ship that was really built for cruising,” he
said. Decks were open and cabins were designed differently than those on the
France — instead of keeping the passengers in them while being transported,
Song of Norway’s cabins were designed to get passengers out of their cabins and
into public spaces.
“A fundamental shift was taking place,” Fain said, in what
the purpose of the vessel was.
Then, in 1975, another influencer came into play, this time
in the form of a television show: “The Love Boat.” Fain said cruising was
shifting in how it presented itself to the world, becoming open to mass
Then Carnival Cruise Lines came out with Kathy Lee Gifford’s
“Fun Ship” commercials in the 1980s. Cruising was no longer something limited
to an older, wealthier clientele. It was becoming something for everyone.
Princess Cruises’ Royal Princess in 1984 brought the concept
of more outside cabins and more balconies.
The Sovereign of the Seas, “a dramatic new vessel,” arrived
in 1988. The Royal Caribbean ship introduced an atrium and more activity
choices onboard, and was the largest ship in the world when it was built.
In 1999, Royal Caribbean again introduced a ship that was
the largest built at the time: Voyager of the Seas. It had an ice-skating rink
and rock-climbing walls, a promenade and a plethora of other activities.
“You wanted things that helped convey that this [cruising]
was an unusual activity, that you could do what you wanted,” Fain said. He said
Voyager of the Seas was instrumental in continuing to shift the idea that
cruising was for everyone.
Fain considered the Celebrity Solstice, which started
sailing in 2008, as the next innovative vessel because it brought a level of
elegance to a large ship.
And the next year, 2009, Royal Caribbean’s Oasis of the Seas
arrived, offering even more choices to cruisers. The model in the days of the
Song of Norway was dinner, show, bed, Fain said. But with Oasis of the Seas,
“that evolved to the point where you have 28 places to eat on board this ship,”
he said. It offered specialty dining rooms and suites that appeal to a
different crowd, and activities like the FlowRider surf machine for yet
The Disney Dream started sailing for Disney Cruise Line in
2011 with a focus on the outdoor decks, and making children the center of many
offerings. It introduced all kinds of activities, like waterslides, that many
would go on to follow, according to Fain.
Three years later, Royal Caribbean’s Quantum of the Seas
added more unexpected amenities to a cruise ship: a gondola-like ball that
raises passengers in the air for a bird’s-eye view, a skydiving simulator and
the Bionic Bar with its robotic bartenders.
Fain said he believes Celebrity’s Edge-class ships will
bring the next milestone to cruising, but was tight-lipped on the details.
Fain’s history lesson was well-received by agents, who
largely agreed with his sentiments of game-changers in the industry.
Sandra Cleary is the CEO of CruCon Cruise Outlet Plus in New
Hampshire. She started her cruise-only agency 20 years ago, and in her mind,
the Voyager of the Seas was one of the biggest milestones in the cruise world.
“We want the ship with the rock-climbing wall,” was a
frequent call she got in the late 1990s.
Customers didn’t even know the ship’s name, but were
attracted by the many activities it offered, she said. She also pointed to the
Allure of the Seas and Oasis of the Seas as game-changers.
Mark Comfort, owner of Cruise Holidays in Kansas City, Mo.,
said Fain and Royal Caribbean are “arguably the biggest innovators in the
Comfort says Sovereign of the Seas was the greatest
“The design was unthinkable — undoable,” he said. Most
predicted it wouldn’t work, Comfort said, but it did, and the “unthinkable”
ship went on to change the industry.