CRANS-MONTANA, Switzerland -- Shorter seasons, higher snow
lines, rising operating costs and key demographic slowdowns would suggest that
skiing is an industry in decline.
But even as these topics were being discussed by ski
executives from over 20 countries at the inaugural European Mountain Travel
Summit, the audience's mood remained elevated, bolstered by speakers' passion
for winter activities and stirred by Alpine views of glowing mountaintops, seen
through the window of the Crans-Montana conference hall.
Attendees' optimism was sorely tested. When speaker Nicolas
Rico, manager of operations for Emprotur Bariloche, Argentina's primary ski
area, spoke of how ash and sand from a Chilean volcanic explosion rained down
and wiped out a full ski season, it seemed a dramatic, if relatively
short-term, symbol of the magnitude and variety of the forces showering upon
His story, by the way, had a happy ending. The destination
formulated creative recovery measures that left it in a stronger position than
it had been before incident.
Climate change is at the center of many of the ski industry's
challenges. As a direct effect of global warming, Swiss officials have
concluded that towns with elevations less than 4,500 feet will need to find
economic models that are not primarily ski-dependent.
If there were a sense of inevitability about climate change,
there was significant debate about other adverse issues. Several speakers spoke
of red-flag demographic trends.
Prime among them were shifts in generational behaviors. For
decades, baby boomers' love of skiing fueled the sport's growth, but beginning
around 2006, boomer participation began to flatten, and it's expected to
decline further. Jurg Schmid, CEO of Switzerland Tourism, said that women tend
to stop skiing at age 60 and men at 65. Boomers are hitting that milestone in
the thousands every day.
And if current trends continue, the vacuum they leave will
not be filled by Gen Xers, whose numbers represent a smaller age wave, nor
millennials, equal in size to boomers but demonstrating less enthusiasm for the
Paul Pinchbeck, CEO of the Canadian Ski Council, said that
Gen X participation in skiing has declined 30% over the past five years. He
further pointed out that not only are millennials' numbers dropping as
precipitously, but those millennials who enjoy the sport average only seven
days on the slopes each year, versus 12 for boomers.
In an interview at the conclusion of the first day of the
conference, Rob Perlman, president of Steamboat Ski & Resort Corp.,
acknowledged "demographic headwinds" and "decline on multiple
fronts," but remains optimistic. "At the end of the day, it's about
skiing and snowboarding in a spectacular environment," he said.
He also pointed to strong trends that are a good match for
the characteristics of mountain sports, from the continuing strength of
multigenerational travel to travelers' desire for activity and elements of
wellness in vacations.
Several speakers focused on attracting millennials who,
Pinchbeck pointed out, have the longest-term potential payback for any
Harry Peisach, CEO of Ski.com, said that the fractured
nature of the ski industry is at odds with millennial purchasing habits. "When
you book, you have to go to five or six [websites]. Millennials don't like
that. They want everything wrapped up in one package."
Douglas Quinby, vice president of research for Phocuswright,
added that the desire to pre-book aspects of a ski vacation ranked the highest
among all categories of leisure travel surveyed.
Expedia Inc.'s vice president of market management for EMEA,
Ait Voncke, said his company not only packages ski components but also works to
simplify things during the trip itself, such as arranging with resorts to
distribute pre-booked lift tickets to travelers upon check-in.
Speaking of millennials, Benjamin Glaenzer, head of Airbnb's
vacation rentals for EMEA, concurred, pointing out that "they want it all
to be seamless."
The speakers also offered advice to European resort
operators in the audience, with Peisach suggesting that to better cater to U.S.
travelers, they should drop the "Saturday-to-Saturday requirements."
He also urged them to consider adding activities that are catching on in other
destinations, such as uphill skiing, in which a skier walks up a mountain and
skis down. Noting that promoting uphill skiing might mean losing some lift-ticket
revenue, it struck him as a better option than losing a potential client
In discussing operational differences between U.S. and
European resorts, consultant Laurent Vanat pointed out that European resorts
might be leaving money on the table due to both traditional pricing methods and
governmental constraints that discourage the installation of yield-management
systems. He related the paucity of yield-management systems to the fact that "in
the U.S., the average ski pass costs $100; in Europe, it's only $50."
Vanat, whose research also pointed to declines in all ski
markets outside Asia, built a case for how marketers should focus efforts. In a
stagnant industry, he said, companies end up battling for market share.
"Only 2% of the world skis, and of those, only 12%
travel to another country to do so," he continued. The rewards, he
asserted, are potentially much greater if marketing is focused on domestic
markets. Since the percentage of international skiers is so much less than
domestic, a 10% rise in international visitors will only increase the total by
a little over 1%, but a 10% rise in domestic travelers will increase the total
by almost 9%.
Discussions around growth in Asia resorts was a bright spot
during the conference. Benny Wu, chief strategy officer for the ski resorts
division of Vanke Group, a Chinese ski resort operator, said skiing has grown
300% since 2011, albeit starting from a small base. Currently, 12.5 million
Chinese people ski, but Wu estimated the potential market at 300 million.
Interest in skiing rose after the announcement that China
will host the 2022 Winter Olympics and President Xi Jinping urged citizens to
participate in winter sports, he said.
But he also acknowledged that most of the 568 ski resorts
currently operating in China are of poor quality, with only 198 even having
Of the Chinese who travel abroad to ski, 48% go to Japan,
23% to Europe and 19% to the U.S.
Although the potential is huge, operators are not counting
on Chinese skiers to come to the rescue of struggling resorts in the West. "That
will take some time," Steamboat's Perlman said. "It's not going to
hurt, and it is an opportunity, but it's not going to happen overnight."
As the name of the conference suggests, discussion included mountain
activities other than skiing. In a session simply titled "Summer,"
panelists focused on how their destinations monetize resorts when there is no
snow on the ground.
Christian Schnoller, CEO of Area 47, detailed his high-adrenaline
playground in Austria's ski country. It's open only in the summer and offers
everything from water slides to ziplines to wake boarding to off-road arenas.
The path to profitability was not easy, Schnoller said. It took nine years to
get all the necessary financing and approvals to get off the ground.
Hiking, mountain biking, gondola rides, golf, roller
coasters and events enliven summer months in many ski areas in the U.S. and
Europe, but the business goal for resorts is modest, according to Steamboat's
Perlman: Break even, and provide some full-time jobs to winter staff. Only four
U.S. resorts have achieved the goal of breaking even, he said, and he hopes to
hit that equilibrium in three or four years.
Despite the various challenges facing mountain destinations,
Tourism Switzerland's Schmid outlined a proactive strategy for his country.
"Everyone has to ask, 'Am I better, cheaper or
different?' We can't be cheaper, so we aim to be a little better," he
His strategy calls for being "better" across the
entire journey. "Luggage is a big hassle in the winter," he said, so
Swiss Air Lines will not only transport skis for free, but once you've handed
them over to the airline, you never have to deal with them again until they're
delivered to your room.
The Swiss national tourism organization also decided to only
list hotels that meet its rigorous standards for quality on its website.
To further eliminate hassles, he said, the new Swiss Travel
Pass now provides access for almost all modes of ground transportation,
including trains, city buses, boats and funiculars.
And to attract new skiers, the country has facilitated the
creation of a new ski school methodology, one that comes with a money-back
guarantee and allows skiers to repeat the three-day course as often as they
want. In response to preferences of new-to-ski Asian travelers, there's a
program that gets them on the slopes on the day they arrive.
The host region of Crans-Montana, which sits right on the 4,500-foot
elevation where ski economies can be viable, has for some time hedged its bets
by also promoting itself as a golf destination. One of its three courses was designed
by Jack Nicholas.
And on Christmas Day, the hedge paid off: Although snow had
to be created on its slopes, the golf courses were open for business.The European Mountain Travel Summit is produced by Northstar
Travel Group, parent of Travel Weekly and Phocuswright.